This Sunday (05/06) the planet celebrated the World Setting Day. This date was set on June 5, 1972 by the United Nations (UN) Common Meeting, on the primary day of the historic Stockholm convention on the human setting.
On this event, one other decision adopted by the UN Common Meeting led to the creation of the United Nations Setting Program (UNEP), the primary international physique that defines the environmental agenda and acts because the physique defending the setting on the earth.
On the event of World Setting Day, the Ministry of the Setting organized a particular motion in Brasilia this Sunday. Along with celebrating World Day, the occasion closed the Nationwide Setting Week.
Between 9:00 am and 1:00 pm, on the highway that crosses the federal capital in a North / South route often called Eixão, the World Setting Day program promoted lectures on electrical security, electrical automobile use, forest fireplace prevention, Educa + programs dissemination, seedling distribution and alternative of aluminum cans with LED lamps in addition to reusable cups and straws.
Internationally, the week of World Setting Day was marked by Stockholm + 50, a gathering organized final Thursday (June 2) and Friday (June 3) by the United Nations Common Meeting to commemorate the fiftieth anniversary of the United Nations Convention on Human Setting held in June 1972 in Stockholm.
In complete, 3,800 folks from 146 nations gathered within the Swedish capital to attend Stockholm + 50, together with ten heads of state and 110 ministers, in addition to members of civil society and the personal sector. Setting Minister Joaquim Leite represented the Brazilian authorities on the occasion.
On the primary day of Stockholm + 50, Joaquim Leite in his speech highlighted Brazil’s progress in direction of a real inexperienced financial system and outlined its intention that the nation ought to quickly take a number one position within the combat towards greenhouse gasoline emissions.
“Brazil intends to be a protagonist in a worldwide resolution to fight local weather change by accelerating insurance policies to scale back carbon dioxide, methane and plastic emissions, sanitation and waste disposal, low-carbon agriculture, renewable power and inexperienced hydrogen,” mentioned Joaquim Leite.
Brazil’s intention to imagine a worldwide position in environmental points is supported by a sequence of measures promoted by the federal authorities that put the nation on the forefront of the trail to a very sustainable inexperienced financial system within the nation. Among the many highlights are:
Carbon market and regulatory framework
Decree No. 11.075, drafted by President Jair Bolsonaro and printed in Might this yr, established procedures for the preparation of Sectoral Local weather Mitigation Plans and established the Nationwide Greenhouse Fuel Emission Discount System.
The doc, which ended a wait that stretched over 12 years, represents a historic milestone for the nation. It allows the worldwide negotiation of carbon credit and introduces revolutionary and fashionable components such because the methane market, native vegetation carbon and soil carbon, according to the Brazilian manufacturing mannequin, along with blue coal associated to the maritime business.
By permitting for the strong implementation of inexperienced financial mechanisms, Brazil is shifting in direction of an emissions-neutral future. Due to this, the nation will turn into a worldwide provider of carbon credit.
World Carbon Market Congress – Inexperienced Decarbonization and Investments
The World Carbon Market Congress – Decarbonization and Inexperienced Investments, held on Might 18-20 on the Rio de Janeiro Botanical Backyard, was the biggest assembly ever held between the personal sector and the federal authorities on these matters and introduced collectively enterprise and conservation leaders the setting.
On this event, company insurance policies and inexperienced startups have been introduced in 24 panels of company actions and 100 instances of entrepreneurs on numerous matters. Contributors mentioned matters such because the coal market, waste remedy, sanitation, agriculture, decarbonisation of the oil and gasoline sector, and a sustainable agricultural system.
All the things mentioned on the assembly will function the premise for Brazil’s preparations for the following COP27 local weather convention in Egypt in November.
The Keepers of the Biome: 17,000 Fires in 2021
Launched in June 2021 by the federal authorities, Operation Guardians of the Biome presents a brand new paradigm within the combat towards deforestation and wildfires.
Coordinated by the Ministry of Justice and Public Safety, with the participation of the Ministry of the Setting and the Ministry of Protection, the initiative unprecedentedly integrates a number of our bodies in its actions, such because the Federal Police, Federal Highway Police, Nationwide of Public Safety, Nationwide Indian Basis (Funai), Administration and Operational Heart of the Amazon Safety System (Censipam), along with regulatory our bodies reminiscent of Ibama and the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation (ICMBio).
In 2021, 8556 public security specialists have been lively as a part of Operation Biom Watchtower. In simply three months, operations led to greater than 17,000 forest fires in 11 states within the Amazon, Cerrado and Pantanal biomes. Final yr, 3,461 preventive actions have been carried out to fight fires and 784 to fight unlawful deforestation. About 1,500 fines have been imposed and about 130 machines, 628 liters of gas and over 5,000 cubic meters of wooden have been confiscated. As well as, a thousand animals have been saved.
In 2022, the operation has a funds of 170 million Brazilian Reals to combat unlawful deforestation and environmental crime within the states of Amazonas, Pará, Mato Grosso and Rondônia.
Restoration of the Amazon
A survey launched late final yr by the Amazon and Environmental Companies Secretariat discovered that 163,000 sq. kilometers of Authorized Amazon have been recovered in 2020. That is the realm akin to Tunisia, a rustic situated in North Africa.
The examine was developed by technicians from Embrapa, the Nationwide House Analysis Institute (Inpe) and the Amazon Conservation System Administration and Operational Heart (Censipan).
The federal authorities has perfected the Nationwide Forest Origin Management System and, placing an finish to the anticipation since 2012, has applied Sinaflor +.
It’s a extra fashionable and intuitive platform that has elevated the effectiveness of Brazilian timber traceability mechanisms by offering simpler entry to data, and has additionally strengthened the combat towards unlawful deforestation.
In Sinaflor +, bushes meant for selective reducing are 100% recognized by georeferencing and every forest product could be traced again to the precise level the place it was initially excavated. Within the earlier system, the excavated wooden was associated to the first tree by estimating the forest stock.