After 4 days of battle of figures between energy and opposition, in Senegal, the nationwide vote census fee lastly selected Thursday 4 August: successful 82 seats out of 165, the motion of Senegalese president Macky Sall gained by a whisker legislative elections, however didn’t get an absolute majority, aside from one deputy. A primary within the historical past of the nation since its independence in 1960.
In keeping with the official provisional outcomes, disclosed on the Dakar courtroom on the finish of the afternoon, the governing coalition, Benno Bokk Yakaar (“united for a similar hope”), has misplaced 43 deputies in comparison with the earlier legislature. A fall that didn’t forestall Aminata Touré, on the prime of the nationwide checklist, from congratulating herself for a “Clear and flawless victory”. “Correctness, launched, Thursday night, within the celebration headquarters, within the capital, he would really like others to acknowledge their defeat. “
That is clearly not their intention. The opposition, after having gained essential municipalities resembling Dakar, Ziguinchor or Thiès, through the native elections in January, continues its turning level. In keeping with the provisional outcomes, the Yewwi Askan Wi coalition (“free the folks”, YAW), led particularly by Ousmane Sonko, obtained 56 seats, along with the 24 deputies of the Wallu Senegal coalition, led by former president Abdoulaye Wade. Between them, these formations, which shaped an alliance earlier than the poll, due to this fact mix 80 deputies, face to face with energy.
On the finish of the Council of Ministers held on Wednesday, President Macky Sall was, for his half, happy with the sleek operating of the elections. “With calm, serenity and transparency, all through the nationwide territory”. A line shared by the French president, Emmanuel Macron, who, even earlier than the announcement of the outcomes, had tweeted “Because of President Macky Sall for our name yesterday” and turned to his “Congratulations to the Senegalese folks and Senegalese democracy for the spirit of calm and accountability through which the legislative elections had been held”.
The commentary mission of the Financial Neighborhood of West African States, which has taken notice of this “Quiet and clear” of the poll, really helpful to political events a “Chorus from any untimely announcement of outcomes” and of “Use regulatory cures within the occasion of a dispute. ” The pre-campaign was characterised by violent demonstrations that resulted in no less than three deaths because of the invalidation by the Constitutional Council of one of many lists of the coalition led by Ousmane Sonko, pressured to surrender taking part within the elections.
Referring to irregularities and fraud, Déthié Fall, the nationwide agent of YAW, mentioned on Thursday morning. “Any introduced outcome wouldn’t interact the Yewwi-Wallu intercoalition”. Aïda Mbodj, one other opposition chief, had spoken the day earlier than “Crammed with scrutiny” and of “Prefabricated and unsigned minutes that [le pouvoir] they created themselves, in locations within the north of Senegal, thought of strongholds of President Sall. So many errors that might, in accordance with Mr. Fall, invalidate the outcomes of the proportional vote and due to this fact the distribution of parliamentary seats. The requests have already been made to the Constitutional Council, which has 5 days to pronounce and announce the ultimate outcomes of the poll.
“This stays a victory for us, as a result of the regime in energy doesn’t have a parliamentary majority, that is an unprecedented reality. The opposition as an entire is within the majority.Cheikh Tidiane Youm, one of many leaders of YAW, estimates by together with in his tally the outcomes of three small coalitions that every gained a seat. The latter will play the position of arbiter within the battle for the nascent parliamentary majority.
Cohabitation shouldn’t be excluded
It additionally stays to be seen whether or not the Yewwi-Wallu intercoalition will maintain up in the long run. “Abdoulaye Wade, who would do something for his son Karim [exilé à Doha après avoir été condamné, en 2015, à six ans de prison pour « enrichissement illicite »], has not spoken but. It isn’t throughout “, warns Moussa Diaw, professor-researcher in political science at Gaston-Berger College in Saint-Louis. In keeping with a number of sources, they’re already beginning to forge contacts between the camp of the previous head of state and that of the present presidential motion.
“It is a sophisticated setup for the Head of State!, factors out Moussa Diaw. He’s not required to decide on the Prime Minister [un poste supprimé en 2019 et rétabli en décembre 2021] within the parliamentary majority, however that is the custom. He must consider the stability of energy and his room for maneuver may be very restricted. “ Coexistence shouldn’t be excluded if the presidential camp fails to construct an absolute majority.
A 12 months and a half earlier than the presidential elections of 2024, “This closes the talk on a 3rd time period for Macky Sall”believes Mr. Diaw for which exists a “route” is one “Rejection of presidency coverage. “ The excessive price of dwelling, the shortage of jobs and prospects for younger folks, dangerous governance have had the higher of the recognition of the pinnacle of state, in accordance with the political scientist, ten years after his first election in 2012.