The legislative elections are actually a chance to convey one’s concepts to the nationwide stage in 577 constituencies for all political events, however they’re additionally a key second as a result of they decide the extent of public funding for the following 5 years. This manna is capital for the lifetime of the events.
Legislative elections are, in fact, a chance to defend concepts and beliefs within the public debate and to hold out a authorities undertaking. However it is usually a key second for political events as a result of they decide the quantity of public funding they’ll obtain for the following 5 years. This boon has develop into capital for the lifetime of the events since, on the finish of the Eighties, the legislator put an finish to the hidden financing techniques which have affected all events of the left and proper and have provoked quite a few scandals involving particularly the medium of the development trade or consulting agency with bribes.
Legal guidelines of political finance
“Political events and candidates within the elections should cope with many bills, the financing of which, till 1988, was not regulated by any exact authorized system. This hole had favored some excesses, which since that date have been eradicated in successive levels ”, explains the Nationwide Meeting. Actually, the lifetime of a celebration or a motion includes many bills such because the wage of everlasting workers, the lease of premises and everlasting workers, the prices of supplies, promoting and communication, the printing of assorted paperwork (newspapers, flyers , and so on.) and naturally the funding of candidates in numerous native and nationwide elections.
Since 1995, the general public authorities have determined to sever all hyperlinks between company cash and the actors of political life – events and candidates – and to definitively prohibit authorized individuals from collaborating within the financing of political life. To finance their bills, the events have two major sources: non-public financing and, due to this fact, public support from the state. The primary is constrained and more and more modest because it units the quantity of donations that may be made and contributions that may be paid to political events at 7,500 euros per particular person.
66 million euros a 12 months for events
There stays the second, which constitutes the majority of the social gathering’s assets. Loans to be paid to political events and teams are included within the finance legislation yearly. These credit are then divided among the many political events: half primarily based on the outcomes obtained within the first spherical of the final legislative elections and the opposite half to the events represented in Parliament, in proportion to the variety of deputies.
Efficiency in legislative elections is due to this fact essential. Half of the general public funds “go to the advantage of the events which have offered candidates who’ve obtained not less than 1% of the votes solid in not less than 50 constituencies or in not less than one abroad division or group. The events due to this fact have each curiosity in presenting a most of candidates to hope to obtain credit, which since 2017 quantity to 66 million euros per 12 months, to be distributed. That is, for instance, why Reconquest, Eric Zemmour’s younger social gathering, fielded 550 candidates. Ditto for the Nationwide Gathering which presents 569 candidates. An actual problem for these far-right events in comparison with the PS or the Republicans who’ve a protracted expertise and have suffered robust candidates. For Reconquest or RN, casting generally gave beginning to very novice candidates, as we noticed when some struggled to reply questions throughout televised interviews.
Legislative elections additionally see the emergence of micro-parties, a few of which aren’t very lively on the nationwide political scene for the remainder of the time and depend on elections to obtain public funds. Thus the motion of rurality (LMR) ranks round 95 candidates together with a sure Sandrine Rousseau in Paris who will object, on function, to the ecologist Sandrine Rousseau.
€ 37,400 paid per deputy
In a second section, after the second spherical of the legislative elections, the state can pay credit for every elected deputy: € 37,400 per elected and per 12 months, till the following legislative elections. Therefore the duty for candidates to decide on which social gathering they’re connected to to ensure that the latter to learn from the credit.
For these legislative elections we’ve got seen two methods. The presidential majority candidates have joined collectively. He then instructs this construction to distribute the funds to Renaissance (ex-LREM), MoDem, Horizons, Agir, and so on. On the left, on the facet of the New Fashionable Ecological and Social Union (Nupes), there isn’t a widespread construction: every candidate joins his social gathering of origin (LFI, PS, PCF, EELV, and so on.) which is able to obtain public funding straight .
Failure to carry out can have severe penalties. In 2017, the defeat of the Socialist Celebration pressured him to promote his historic headquarters in Solferino.
Lastly, the legislator launched a credit score penalty for topics who don’t respect parity. For not introducing sufficient ladies in 2017, Les Républicains obtained a € 1.8 million superb, La France insoumise of € 252,000.