“Secondary territories: is the appropriate to dwell within the nation in danger? Housing can solely be secondary ”: that is the title of a symposium organized by Xavier Roseren MEP (LREM) for Haute-Savoie and Jean-Félix Acquaviva MEP (Freedom and Territories) from Haute-Corse, 25 January. The Alpine frontier, Corsica, but in addition Brittany, the Basque Nation and even the present-day Normandy, undergo from the damaging results of actual property hypothesis, exacerbated by the well being disaster and the withdrawal of residents from metropolitan areas. There’s an emergency as a result of the “everlasting residents” (new consecrated expression) can not discover housing, the acquisition and buy costs turn into unavailable to them.
Residence standing, inconsistent with the structure?
Among the many individuals of the colloquium: Nils Caouissin, councilor of the regional opposition in Brittany, creator of the Manifesto for Resident Standing in Brittany. A statute proposed by elected Corsican officers as early as 2014, wherever in Brittany, says Nils Caouissin. Resident standing could be open to Bretons, individuals from different areas or different international locations who’ve lived there for not less than one 12 months. Based on this elected official, such an strategy would have the impact of “decreasing the variety of second houses, reducing costs and enjoyable the market”.
However for me, Martin Tomasi, a lawyer for the Paris Bar Affiliation, “this regulation could be a radical resolution, requiring modification of the structure, but in addition of European texts. This needs to be borne in thoughts in the long term. ” Many opponents of the residency title imagine that it’s unconstitutional. “This standing already exists in European international locations, the Åland Islands, Finland or the Autonomous Area of Bolzano in Italy, the place it’s important to dwell within the area for not less than 5 years earlier than you should buy a property,” she retorts. Nils Caouissin.
Second dwelling subsidies and supervision of furnished vacationer lodging
Prevents. For a lot of stakeholders, the simplest instruments to implement are authorized and tax measures. I, Martin Tomasi, reminds that in agglomerations with greater than 50 thousand. of residents, second houses are “taxed” (the share of the commune within the housing tax could be elevated from 20 to 60%). Like Xavier Roseren, he asks for this chance to be prolonged in all places, whatever the variety of inhabitants. The identical precept applies to the supervision of furnished vacationer lodging: the very dissuasive measures launched in cities with greater than 200,000 inhabitants and in Ile-de-France ought to apply to all vacationer areas. “For now, metropolis councils can ask the prefect to determine such a framework, however it is a little or no used proper.”
Everlasting housing easements
A lawyer of Corsican descent takes up Jean-Félix Acquaviva’s suggestion: “the communal strategy will not be the appropriate scale: regional laws needs to be included on the town planning paperwork comparable to SRADDET figuring out tense territories. We may stop the development of second homes there by creating an easement devoted to everlasting development in PLU and PLUi. “
Additional, why not introduce quotas for second houses? ‘In Switzerland, in some municipalities, secondary residences could not exceed 10 or 20% of the residences; nevertheless, there are reservations on this regard in French and European regulation, ”admits Me Tomasi.
Taxation of capital positive factors
Notary and Deputy (Modem) Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Jean-Paul Mattei, Member of the Finance Committee, welcomes for his half the tax proposals of the Mayor of Guéthara, Marie-Pierre Burre-Cassou (SE). And I wish to add: “it will be essential to create the standing of a lessor of naked items for year-round rental” in an effort to restrict the seasonal rental. The deputy ready an modification suggesting taxation of as much as 5% of all added worth generated and directing these sums to public land institutions that may pre-empt for the development of housing. “Among the enrichment as a consequence of actual property hypothesis has to return to the location to ensure that it to retain its companies and its attractiveness. Such a proposal doesn’t infringe the appropriate to property. “
Encourage secondary residents to settle
One other path: drive secondary residents to dwell on website all 12 months spherical. The purpose: avoiding empty residences for a number of months of the 12 months, revitalizing the town and decrease costs.
Anne Barrioz, a researcher and thesis creator on the topic (1), talks concerning the “housing workplace” in Haute-Maurienne, which makes individuals conscious of the necessity to swap from tourism to dwelling throughout the 12 months. He additionally cites “the town of Chambéry, which presents entry to co-working house for everlasting residents of secondary residences.”
Cross-party alliance to have extra weight
There’s settlement on one level: all of the elected representatives of those vacationer areas should unite, no matter their political aspect, past any regionalist imaginative and prescient, to loudly and clearly, in a cross-party method, convey the voice of the vacationer areas in parliament and the federal government.
(1) Anne Barrioz, physician of geography, related to the EDYTEM laboratory, wrote her thesis “Settlement and life in excessive alpine valleys: life trajectories between attractiveness and adaptableness of territories”